Azerbaijan was the colony of Russia for along period of time. But, the Azerbaijani people always struggled for freedom and independence.
The 20th century is known in the history not only as the Age of science and techniques, but also the age of freeing of the people from colony and establishment of national states.
The revolution in 1917 in Russia put cut-line to the ruling of the Romanovs family and Russian Empire collapsed. Nations had to determine their faith. Using this opportunity, patriotic sons of Azerbaijan declared the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan on May 28, 1918.
The Azerbaijani Democratic Republic was the first democratic Republic in the whole East. ADR war a parliamentary state. It also had state attributes- the flag, the anthem and the arms. Three colored flag symbolized Turkism, Islamism and European tendency. The ADR existed only 23 months. On April 28, 1920 the 11th army of the Bolsheviks occupied Azerbaijan and Republic collapsed.
The Day of the Republic – the day of regaining state independence has been celebrated as the state holiday since 1990.
President Ilham Aliyev visits monument to Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
President Ilham Aliyev on Monday visited the monument raised as a tribute to the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic on Istiglaliyyat Street of Baku on the Republic Day.
A guard of honor was lined up around the monument.
The President laid a wreath at the monument.
28 May 2012